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ShootingsEdit

The most well-known popular culture event associated with the novel is arguably Mark David Chapman's shooting of John Lennon.[1]

FilmsEdit

Although Salinger has refused a film adaptation, many Hollywood films have based characters on Holden Caulfield.[2][3] gay

Anthony Caputi, a specialist in dramatic literature at Cornell University, claims that the novel inspires both "variations" and "imitations", comparing it with several coming-of-age films.[2]

While screenwriter Mike White thought the influence of the novel may rise in Hollywood,[2] former CEO of The WB Jordan Levin said that the Academies behind the Emmys have lost touch with public tastes like Catcher in the Rye.[4]

  • In Annie Hall (1977), Woody Allen says that he only has books with the word death or dying in them. Diane Keaton holds a copy of The Catcher in the Rye and says, "What about this one?"
  • In The Shining (1980), Wendy is seen reading the novel, a foreshadowing of alienation similar to that of Holden.[6]
  • The 1988 film Field of Dreams is based on the W. P. Kinsella book Shoeless Joe. In the film, one key subplot involves the main character, Ray Kinsella (played by Kevin Costner), kidnapping noted radical book author Terence Mann (played by James Earl Jones). The Mann character is described as having written some of the most controversial books of the 1960s, including The Boat Rocker. In the original book that this film is based on, the Kinsella character actually kidnaps Salinger. According to the DVD extras, the author and the film producers acknowledge the fact that Salinger begrudgingly allowed his namesake to be used as a character in the book, but asked that he not be portrayed on film in Field of Dreams. So the producers and screenwriter Phil Alden Robinson, in consultation with the author Kinsella, changed the Salinger role to that of the fictional Mann. In a direct omage to the book, the Mann character initially denies, then admits, about using the name John Kinsella in one of his short stories, and that John Kinsella is the name of Ray's father. Salinger used both the name Ray Kinsella in a short story, and later the name Richard Kinsella as one of Holden Caulfield's classmates in The Catcher in the Rye.
  • In Singles (1992), Linda describes her ideal man as "the perfect combination of Mel Gibson and Holden Caulfield and the sexual revolution would just sweep us both away."[13]
  • In Kicking and Screaming (1995), a student describes the main character of a classmate's novel as having "a little Holden Caulfield crossed with Humbert Humbert... And then in that sort of pseudo-Russian novel ilk.".
  • In Jerry Maguire (1996), Jerry publishes a memo the cover of which he claims has a resemblance to the cover of The Catcher in the Rye.
  • In Conspiracy Theory (1997), Mel Gibson's character is programmed to buy the novel whenever he sees it, though he has never actually read it.[14]
  • In Pleasantville (1998), Bud is asked by one of the teenage residents of Pleasantville what the book is about, as all literature had been out of reach to the citizens, on account of its controversial themes in that period of time. Bud tells the crowd of people what the book is about, then later it is one of the many images painted on the Police Station wall by Bud and a friend.
  • In Rushmore (1998), the protagonist named Max Fischer (Jason Schwartzman), who was based on Holden Caulfield, has similar characteristics and interests as Holden does.
  • Chasing Holden (2001) is named after Holden Caulfield.[15] The protagonist Neil relates his life to Holden's, skips class to go to New York City, goes on a road trip to New Hampshire to find J. D. Salinger, and contemplates killing Salinger with a gun.[16]
  • In Go (2001), Tsubaki Sakurai asks Sugihara, "what are you reading? The Catcher in the Rye? Doesn't suit you."
  • Screenwriter Mike White regards the novel as "part of a literary trend that goes back to Goethe's 'The Sorrows of Werther' (1774) ... I don't think Salinger discovered it. He just did the quintessential American version."[2] He thought the influence of the novel may rise in Hollywood,[2] and two of his 2002 films reflect this. In Orange County, protagonist Shaun searches for the professor who wrote the book that changed his life.[2]
  • In The Good Girl, protagonist Thomas Worther calls himself Holden and is seen reading the novel.[2][3] Incidentally, Thomas Worther is portrayed by actor Jake Gyllenhaal, whose production company, Nine Stories Productions, is named after Nine Stories by Salinger.[2]
  • In Big Fat Liar (2002), Amanda Bynes's character is briefly seen tutoring a jock. Before Frankie Muniz's character walks in, she gives the jock a very brief thematic summary of The Catcher in the Rye, explaining that the story is not about "a catcher eating rye bread."
  • Igby Goes Down (2002), originally intended to be a novel, has been interpreted as being inspired by The Catcher in the Rye,[3][17][18] but director and screenwriter Burr Steers said it is not a direct influence and the story is more of an autobiography.[2] On the influence of The Catcher in the Rye, Steers "liken[s] it to being a musician and being influenced by the music ingrained in you, like the Beatles."[2]
  • In Spike Lee's 25th Hour (2002), based on David Benioff's 2001 novel The 25th Hour, the protagonist sees the words "Fuck You!" written on a mirror in the bathroom of a bar. He goes on a virulent tirade against the city of New York, its people, and his friends. Finally remorseful, he blames himself for throwing his life away. He tries desperately to rub out the words.[19]
  • In I Love Your Work, famous actor Gray Evans (Giovanni Ribisi) is confronted by a fan (Jason Lee) he's seen around a few times, which has disturbed him. The fan reaches inside his coat, causing Evans to punch him, leading to his arrest. After being released, during a conversation with his lawyer, Gray defends himself saying he thought he was going to be killed, but his lawyer says the fan only wanted him to sign his book. Gray replies 'it was Catcher in the fucking Rye!'
  • The film Chapter 27 (a reference to the book) focuses on John Lennon's murderer, Mark David Chapman, the 3 days leading up to it, and his obsession with the novel. The film "The Killing of John Lennon" also revolves around Chapman and the book.
  • In the film Tropic Thunder (2008), Cody Underwood (played by Danny McBride), the special effects technician, tells John Tayback (played by Nick Nolte), the fictional author of the book "Tropic Thunder" (on which the movie within the movie is based), that "Tropic Thunder is my Catcher in the Rye". Later, at the end of the film during the end credits, the song "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" is played, the same song Holden Caulfield listens to as it's played by the carrousel in the final scene of The Catcher in the Rye.
  • No one really cares about an imaginary person dude go outside and look at the beautiful BBW's

Television Edit

  • In Saved By The Bell, Lisa asks a boy she likes, "What are you reading?" He responded with "Catcher in the Rye." Then she said "Oh I love baseball." Oh you love baseball?! cool bud!
  • In 8 Simple Rules, both Paul and Briget say that The Catcher in the Rye is their favorite book.
  • In an episode of American Dad!, Roger reveals a secret message in The Catcher in the Rye, which tells the location of Osama Bin Laden, also commenting that it's a 'Filthy, filthy book'.
  • In an episode of Aqua Teen Hunger Force, an alien frat member asks if another character is holding (as in marijuana), then, as a pun, he asks if "Holden Caulfield is coming to the party."
  • In the Boy Meets World episode "Poetic License: An Ode to Holden Caulfield", Shawn has written a poem called "An Unpublished Manuscript for J.D. Salinger". Without knowing the author, Cory asks, "And haven't we had just about enough of Catcher in the Rye? I mean, what's [Salinger] written lately?"
  • In the Criminal Minds episode "The Last Word", both murderers use character names from the novel to communicate with each other, in reference its alleged popularity with murderers.
  • In an episode of Dilbert, a man working at the complaints department of a company uses the fake name Holdem Callfielder when answering the phone.
  • In an episode of Drake and Josh, Drake is asked what his favorite 20th century novel is. He says his favorite novel is The Catcher in the Rye. His teacher responds with "WRONG."
  • In the episode of Fairly Oddparents, Timmy is seen bowling with books substituted for bowling pins. The Catcher In The Rye is being utilized as the front pin.
  • In the Family Guy episode "Peterotica", one of the erotic novels Peter writes is called Catcher in the Eye, a reference to ejaculation. This gag was edited from television versions and kept for DVD.
    • In another Family Guy episode, "The Kiss Seen Around the World", a character continually harasses Peter for being "a big phony". During the credits this character is identified as Holden Caufield.
  • The anime series Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex makes several references to the novel.
    • The main story arc (the "Complex" episodes) involves the case of a cyber-terrorist known as the Laughing Man, named after Salinger's short story "The Laughing Man".[23] The Laughing Man's logo reads, "I thought what I'd do was, I'd pretend I was one of those deaf-mutes," a quote from the novel.[24][25][26] The logo resembles a baseball cap, inspired by the baseball team in the short story.[23]
  • In an episode of Hey Arnold!, Arnold has the task of finding a reclusive children's author named Agatha Caulfield.
  • In numerous episodes of Gilmore Girls, there are comparisons of Holden Caulfield and Jess, Stars Hollow's rebel. For instance, Rory says, "I guess that's what you have to do when you're trying to be Holden Caulfield".
  • In the My Life as a Teenage Robot episode "The Boy Who Cried Robot", a man wearing sunglasses and a trenchcoat approaches a Bookmobile and asks the driver for a copy of The Catcher in the Rye. The driver grows irritated upon his request and responds, "Not today, Ed."
  • In several episodes of Recess, Mikey is shown writing poetry on his baseball glove. This is a reference to Holden's dead brother Allie, who wrote poetry on his baseball glove so he would have something to read while he was playing outfield.
  • In an episode of Roseanne, Jackie walks in on Darlene, who is reading The Catcher in the Rye and the two discuss the book in relation to Darlene's feelings that she is in Holden's situation.
  • In The Simpsons episode "Radioactive Man" (1995), in which Hollywood movie makers come to Springfield, there is a banner hung across the main street that reads "We [heart] Phonies", presumably a reference to Holden's disdain for "phonies".[27] In the episodes "The Dad Who Knew Too Little" and "24 Minutes", Lisa's pet peeve is also said to be phonies. In the episode "Krusty Gets Busted", Krusty holds a copy of the novel upside down, which refers to Mark David Chapman's arrest and obsession with the novel. In the episode "A Midsummer's Nice Dream", when Marge becomes interesed into Crazy Cat Lady's stuff, she seems happy when noticing that the Lady had in her collection all the books from J.D. Salinger except from "The Catcher in the Rye".
  • In Will & Grace, Jack asks Karen to accompany him somewhere, to which she replies, "I can't honey, I'm going to my Christian Book Club. This week we're burning The Catcher in the Rye."
  • Phoebe Buffay, a character from the sitcom Friends, is said to be named after Holden's sister.
  • In the Dawsons Creek episode Stolen Kisses (2000) the character William 'Will' Krudski states that The Catcher in the Rye is his favourite book.
  • M*A*S*H a wounded soldier talks about the book while he is in post-op
  • While in Thailand Korean Pop group SHINee featured the items in their bags. Among the items they boy's carried was the book The Catcher in the Rye in Minho's bag.
  • Sometimes sink water be HITTIN tho

Video games Edit

Video games

  • In the action game POSTAL² you have to bring back the book "Catch her in the rye" to the library.
  • NERD

BooksEdit

  • John Fowles's 1963 novel The Collector uses The Catcher in the Rye as "one of the most brilliant examples of adolescence" in popular culture, possibly under a moral light.[29] In it, Miranda encourages her kidnapper Clegg to read Catcher, thinking he might relate to Holden Caulfield's alienation.[14] However, Clegg finds Holden's actions unrealistic given Holden's wealth and status, and "[doesn't] see much point in it." In the film adaptation of The Collector, this conversation and Clegg's attitude toward the novel and popular culture is subdued.[30] The Collector novel has itself been linked to several serial killers.[14]
  • Lawrence Block wrote a novel called Burglar in the Rye (1999) in his series on burglar Bernie Rhodenbarr. The plot focuses on an auction of a reclusive writer's letters,[31] and Bernie works to track down the character based on J. D. Salinger.
  • In his humor book This Book Sucks (based on MTV's Beavis and Butt-head characters), Mike Judge mentions the novel among a list of popular literature titles. The Beavis and Butt-head characters mistakenly believe that the main character (whom they believe is actually named "Catcher") calls everyone "phones".
  • The Frank Portman novel King Dork is centered around 'life-changing' books, The Catcher in the Rye most prominently. The protagonist is arguably a Holden Caulfield-esque outcast, but at the same time hates The Catcher in the Rye. The protagonist criticises fans of the book, calling them the Catcher Cult, and says that pretending to love The Catcher in the Rye is a surefire way to get better grades. However, in the end he says that he likes the novel. An obvious reference to the book is King Dork's jacket cover, which is a 1985 Bantam copy of The Catcher in the Rye, ripped to shreds and scribbled over with the actual title of the book.
  • In Neal Shusterman's 1999 novel Downsiders, some of the school freaks at Icharus Academy are mentioned to be "boys who dressed in black and carried around copies of The Catcher in the Rye."
  • In W.P. Kinsella's 1982 novel Shoeless Joe, the main character discusses the significance of "Catcher in the Rye" and later kidnaps J.D. Salinger.
  • In Francine Prose's novel After (2003), the main character is chastised for having the book in his possession because it is linked too strongly with violent behavior.
  • In Galt Niederhoffer's novel A Taxonomy of Barnacles (2005), Bridget and Billy think about Holden's question as to the whereabouts of ducks during winter.[32]
  • Author Megan McCafferty admits to drawing many similarities between the protagonist of her novel Sloppy Firsts, Jessica Darling, and Holden Caulfield. Like Holden, Jessica is very alienated and critical of society.
  • James Patterson's novel Sail has one character referring to his nephew as "Holden Caulfield for the 21st Century".
  • Brett Easton Ellis' novel Less Than Zero is said to be "The Catcher in the Rye for the MTV generation".
  • John Green (author) has compared his Looking for Alaska protagonist, Miles 'Pudge' Halter, to Holden Caulfield.
  • Robert Rosen's biography Nowhere Man: The Final Days of John Lennon contains a description of Mark David Chapman's sentencing hearing, in which the murderer reads from The Catcher in the Rye. The section is called "Chapter 27," a reference to Chapman's belief that by killing Lennon he'd write the missing chapter of The Catcher in the Rye in Lennon's blood.
  • Playwrite John Gaure writes a famous monologue in character Paul's perspective about Holden Caulfield and A Catcher In The Rye. Paul is said to be similar in many ways to Caulfield.


Comic stripsEdit

  • The Frazz character Caulfield is named after Holden.[33]
  • In St. Swithin's Day, the teenage protagonist shoplifts a copy of The Catcher in the Rye from a bookshop so it can be found in his pocket "when this is all over."
  • In Eyeshield 21, Taka Honjou of the Teikoku Gakuen Alexanders is seen reading the book. He is the ace wide receiver/cornerback of Teikoku and has never had to use his true ability.
  • In Foxtrot, Jason claims his iguana, Quincy, ate it.



MusicEdit

  • A song by Southampton band Moda Disordini called "The Siren" is about J.D. Salinger's novel, and contains an excerpt from the audiobook at the end of the track.
  • Aesop Rock's song "Save Yourself" contains the line "Naw man it wasn't me, it was Holden Caulfield, brother / I just read and pulled the trigger."
  • The Ataris' song "If You Really Want to Hear About It" from their album End is Forever takes its title from the novel's opening sentence. The final lines paraphrase those of the book with "Don't ever tell anyone anything or else you'll wind up missing everybody." Several other specific references are made within the lyrics.[34]
  • The Bandits of the Acoustic Revolution's song "Here's to Life" on their debut EP A Call to Arms references Holden Caulfield by stating: "Holden Caulfield is a friend of mine, we go drinking from time to time", and later addresses Caulfield's author, J.D. Salinger: "Hey there, Salinger, what did you do? Just when the world was looking to you to write anything that meant anything, you told us you were through. And it's been years since you passed away, but I see no plaque and I see no grave, and I can't help believing you wanted it that way."
  • Beastie Boys's song "Shadrach" contains the rhyme "Got more stories than J. D. got Salinger, I hold the title and you are the challenger."
  • Belle and Sebastian's song "Le Pastie de la Bourgeoisie" contains the line "give yourself up to the allure of Catcher in the Rye."
  • Bloodhound Gang's song "Magna Cum Nada (Most Likely To Suck)" begins with "Why try? I'm that guy Holden Caulfield from Catcher in the Rye, put away 'cause he wasn't all there."
  • The artwork of German minimal folk band Bodi Bill's 2nd album "Next Time" features a quote from the story and a song dubbed "I Like Holden Caulfield".
  • Canibus's song "Box Cutter Blade Runner" includes the lines "Have you ever read a book called 'The Catcher and the Rye'? / It so happens I'm looking for a copy I could buy"
  • Captain Polaroid's song 'Better Works of Fiction' includes the line "I learned much more from Holden Caulfield than I ever did from Jesus Christ."
  • Clem Snide, in their song "End of Love" reference the book in the line "And the first thing every killer reads / is Catcher in the Rye."
  • The Divine Comedy's song "Gin Soaked Boy" contains the line "I'm the catcher in the rye."
  • Epik High's instrumental album "Soundtrack to a Lost Film" has a song titled "Holden Caulfield".
  • Everlast's song "So Long" contains the line "So with a tear in his eye, he's gonna catch 'em in the rye."
  • Five Iron Frenzy's song "Superpowers" on their album Our Newest Album Ever! contains the line "Sometimes I feel I'm Holden Caulfield, sometimes Jack Kerouac."
  • Guns N' Roses released a song on their 2008 album, Chinese Democracy called Catcher in the Rye. It originally featured Brian May on guitar, but his parts were replaced for the final version. The song is said to be about Chapman.
  • Indochine's song "Des Fleurs Pour Salinger" (French for "Flowers For Salinger") portrays Salinger as a hermit trying to get away from the world's stupidity, and about the singer wanting to meet him. Near the end of the song, the following quote from the novel is whispered in French: "I thought what I'd do was, I'd pretend I was one of those deaf-mutes. I'd marry this girl, that was also deaf and mute [...] I'd live near the woods but not in the woods." ("Je ferais semblant d’être sourd-muet /Et j’épouserais cette fille /Sourde et muette /On vivra près d’un ruisseau, près des bois /Mais pas dans les bois...")
  • Jedi Mind Tricks's song "Trinity" contains the line "The one who's seated, on the throne within in a forcefield/You'll get tossed and feel lost like Holden Caulfield/Raw deal..."
  • Jedi Mind Tricks's song "Put Em In The Grave" contains the line "I'm like Mark David Chapman with a Salinger book/Stalk my enemy and let the fuckin' silencer cook"
  • Lyte Funky Ones' (LFO) song "6 Minutes" contains the line "Sometimes I feel like the Catcher in the Rye/ Sometimes I wish that I could catch her eye/ Sometimes I wish that I could be that guy".
  • Killing Caulfield's song "Slow Song" contains the lyrics "when I leave a place I like to know I'm leaving it."
  • Komeda's song "Catcher" on their album Kokomemedada refers to Holden Caulfield's fantasy. Lyrics include "Who will catch your fall? Who will do it all?" and "There ain't no catcher in the rye."
  • The Lawrence Arms's song "The Disaster March" on their album The Greatest Story Ever Told contains the lyrics "There was a time and a place that was all full of mistakes. And a face that was all full of shit. I was frustrated and angry. I was more than alive. A catcher in the rye."
  • The Max Levine Ensemble's song "Love, Capital L" contains the line "and that's how I came to see how Holden Caulfield was your prophet."
  • Nothingface's song "Machination" contains the line "Read 'Catcher In The Rye' a million and one fucking times."
  • The Offspring's song "Get It Right" contains the line "Like Holden Caulfield, I tell myself; There's got to be a better way."
  • Piebald's song "Holden Caulfield" contains the lines "where do the ducks go in the wintertime" and "put my hat on and get out of here."
  • John Ralston's song "No Catcher in the Rye" on his album Needle Bed contains the line "Maybe there's no catcher in the rye."
  • Ruth Ruth's song "I Killed Meg the Prom Queen" contains the line "She read The Catcher in the Rye."
  • Sundowner's song "Jackson Underground" contains the line "I was lost in the rye, so lost in the rye, I was lost in the rye."
  • Too Much Joy's song "William Holden Caulfield" on their album Cereal Killers conflates the name of Holden Caulfield with the name of actor William Holden. It contains the lines "I'm afraid of people who like Catcher in the Rye / Yeah, I like it too, but someone tell me why / People he'd despise say, 'I feel like that guy' / I don't wanna grow up, 'cause I don't wanna die."
  • Hailey Wojcik's upcoming EP will contain the song "Holden Caulfield", which she has been performing live.
  • The Wonder Years have a song titled "You're Not Salinger. Get Over It." on on their upcoming 7" Won't Be Pathetic Forever
  • Adam and Andrew's song "I Must Be Emo" makes a reference to the novel in the third stanza, "You can read me “Catcher in the Rye” and watch me jack off."
  • Pencey Prep takes its name from the school Holden was kicked from at the beginning of the book. Several songs are references to things in the book.
  • Texas band 41 Gorgeous Blocks took their name from a walk Holden takes.
  • In the album Folie a Deux the song "20 Dollar Nose Bleed" starts with the words "Have you ever wanted to disapear, and join a monastery". This refers to the part of the novel in which Holden is running and says "He felt as if he were dissapearing" then shortly after asks Ackley about joining a monastery.

A Melodic Hardcore band from Huntington, West Virginia adopted the name Holden Caulfield in reference to the personality traits displayed by the character.

Notes Edit

^ a b c d Jonathan Yardley (2004-10-19). "J.D. Salinger's Holden Caulfield, Aging Gracelessly". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A43680-2004Oct18.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. ""The Catcher in the Rye" is a maladroit, mawkish novel, but there can be no question about its popularity or influence." ^ Barry Roth (1964-01-05). "Brooklyn College". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FB0C17FD345912738DDDAC0894D9405B848AF1D3. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. "...the "do you think you'll ever feel about me the way you used to feel about 'Catcher in the Rye'?" influence of the theater and movies often stimulates collegians to read these and other writers." ^ a b c d Jeff Guinn (2001-08-10). "'Catcher in the Rye' still influences 50 years later" (fee required). Erie Times-News. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=ET&p_theme=et&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EDCAD301800C85B&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. Alternate URL. ^ "100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 1990–2000". American Library Association. http://www.ala.org/ala/oif/bannedbooksweek/bbwlinks/100mostfrequently.htm. Retrieved on 2007-01-21. ^ List of most commonly challenged books from the list of the one hundred most important books of the 20th century by Radcliffe Publishing Course. ^ "'Rye' misfit's rugged spirit inspires works" (fee required). The Sacramento Bee. 2001-06-07. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=SB&p_theme=sb&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EC831DF2A54202C&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. ""The Catcher in the Rye" has influenced the work of many writers, filmmakers and musicians. Here's a look at some of the more notable entries..." ^ "Sixties to Howl Once Again in College Literature Course" (fee required). Telegram & Gazette. 2001-04-08. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=WO&p_theme=wo&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB9EAB0A95F7BFF&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. "Mr. Patterson explained his inclusion of a 1952 novel in his "Literature of the Sixties" course this way: "I kept seeing references to Holden Caulfield..." ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Nancy Mills (2002-08-25). "Holden Caulfield's many pretenders". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/chronicle/archive/2002/08/25/PK45441.DTL&type=movies. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. ""Most young male characters in the movies are based on the character of Holden Caulfield," says Raymond Haberski... "It's been a very steady influence in the last 30 years." ^ "Banned Books Offer Classic Opportunities" (fee required). Sarasota Herald-Tribune. 1996-10-23. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=HT&p_theme=ht&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EAFEA3BF023F923&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. "[...] one of the controversial books that has been censored in the past is J.D. Salinger's ``The Catcher in the Rye.' [...] all through his life he'd hear references to Holden Caufield and his crazy red hunting hat, and if he wanted to understand those references, [...]" ^ Louis Menand (2001-09-27). "Holden at fifty". The New Yorker. ^ Joy Karugu (2005-11-09). "Novelist Sittenfeld chronicles 'Prep' life". The Daily Princetonian. http://www.dailyprincetonian.com/archives/2005/11/09/news/13716.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. "That's an easy comparison people often make — because of its setting and general topic." ^ Dale Peck (2007-09-23). "‘The Outsiders’: 40 Years Later". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/23/books/review/Peck-t.html?pagewanted=print. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. "...it’s likely that Hinton’s echo of the testimonial frame Salinger used in “The Catcher in the Rye” (“If you really want to hear about it”) wasn’t consciously intended..." ^ Leslie Miller, Susan Wlosczyczna, Joh Chetwynd, Gary Levin, Claudia Puig, Mike Snider, Kevin V. Johnson (1999-04-22). "Kids, online and off, feast on violence". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/news/index/colo/colo22.htm. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. "Lindsay Doran, president of United Artists, says, "[...] You can't not like Catcher in the Rye because someone read it and killed John Lennon."" ^ a b c d e Aidan Doyle (2003-12-15). "When books kill". Salon.com. 2. http://dir.salon.com/story/books/feature/2003/12/15/books_kill/index1.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. ^ a b Whitfield, 571–572. ^ Whitfield, 572. ^ Linton Weeks (2000-09-10). "Telling on Dad". Amarillo Globe-News. http://www.amarillo.com/stories/091000/boo_tellingondad.shtml. Retrieved on 2009-01-13. ^ a b c Robert Wilonsky (2002-09-19). "Burr, Not Chilly". Phoenix New Times. http://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/2002-09-19/film/burr-not-chilly/. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. "Salinger would never allow such a thing, and it's a moot point, to boot. Catcher has been made and remade for decades under various noms de crap..." ^ Michael Schneider (2001-07-12). "Snubbed WB huffy over 'Buffy'". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117802726.html?categoryid=14&cs=1. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. "If 'Catcher in the Rye' were released today, Academy members would look at the book and consider it a dime-store paperback." ^ Kirsten Markson (2002-11-03). "The Collector". PopMatters. http://www.popmatters.com/film/reviews/c/collector.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. ^ Tom Dirks. "The Shining (1980)". Filmsite.org. http://www.filmsite.org/shin.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. "... "Wendy" ... who is reading The Catcher in the Rye. [There's a very subtle connection signaled here: the main protagonist in J. D. Salinger's novel Holden Caulfield, is an alienated and haunted teen, similar to Jack Torrance as an adult. Both experience sleep deprivation and dementia as a result.]" ^ Rita Kempley (1993-12-22). "Six Degrees of Separation". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/style/longterm/movies/videos/sixdegreesofseparationrkempley_a0a3dd.htm. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. "Guare ... expounds upon ... the violent subtext of "The Catcher in the Rye" ..." ^ Colin Van Hook (2002-04-16). "BC Professor Directs Six Degrees at Tufts". The Heights. http://media.www.bcheights.com/media/storage/paper144/news/2002/04/16/ArtsReview/Bc.Professor.Directs.Six.Degrees.At.Tufts-237080.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. "...he communicates the play’s similar themes of the loss of imagination to something outside daily life..." ^ William A. Henry III (1990-06-25). "Six Degrees of Separation". Time. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,970446,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. "When the intruder starts to analyze The Catcher in the Rye in scholarly jargon, the hosts are spellbound by his vocabulary and miss the fact that his rap becomes comic nonsense." ^ Lauren Phillips (2002-04-01). "Color without structure". The Tufts Daily. http://media.www.tuftsdaily.com/media/storage/paper856/news/2002/04/01/UndefinedSection/Color.Without.Structure-1484266.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. "...Paul's frequent references to Holden Caufield's struggles in Catcher in the Rye." ^ Frank Rich (1990-07-01). "Stage View; A Guidebook to the Soul Of a City in Confusion". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE3D9173DF932A35754C0A966958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. "...in Paul's view, that J. D. Salinger's touching, beautiful, sensitive story has been turned into a manifesto of hate by assassins like Mark David Chapman and John Hinckley who use Holden Caulfield's social estrangement as an excuse to commit murder." ^ Whitfield, 573. ^ Steven Rea (1992-09-18). "Sexual politics of two generations..." (fee required). The Philadelphia Inquirer. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=PI&s_site=philly&p_multi=PI&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB2A3DAB756C3D6&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. ^ Michael Speier (2001-03-28). "'Holden' catches cast". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117795994.html?categoryid=13&cs=1. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. "Title is a reference to "The Catcher in the Rye" protag Holden Caulfield, around whom Kanan's script is based." ^ Christopher Null (2002). "Chasing Holden Movie Review". Filmcritic.com. http://www.filmcritic.com/misc/emporium.nsf/84dbbfa4d710144986256c290016f76e/c313d5eea351d56a88256bcc00699931?OpenDocument. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. ^ J.J. Duncan (2002-11-04). "Film Review: Stellar performers, quirky characters make Salinger rip-off worth seeing". Kansas State Collegian, University Wire. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-69313860.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. "Screenwriting 101: Ripping off Salinger is a quick way of writing a decent movie about teen-age disillusionment." ^ Terry Lawson (2002-11-14). "Reviews and ratings of feature films". Detroit Free Press. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-8936760_ITM. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. ""Catcher in the Rye" gone awry, this angst-filled dark comedy finds a prep-school dropout set adrift in New York City." ^ James Keith La Croix (2003-01-15). "25th Hour". Metro Times. http://www.metrotimes.com/editorial/review.asp?id=72246. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. "In a moment right out of Catcher in the Rye, Monty notices “fuck you” written on a men’s room mirror. The comment launches his mirror image into a screed against immigrants, ethnic minorities, Wall Street and finally himself. He can’t rub the words out." ^ Mark Kingwell (2006-01-15). "Is that one piece of chocolate, or not one?". Toronto Star, transcribed by the University of Toronto. http://www.news.utoronto.ca/inthenews/archive/2006_01_15.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. "Jeremy offers a superbly demented catalogue of people with whom he, in particular, is one - among them ... the guy who wrote Catcher in the Rye ..." ^ http://www.colbertnation.com/the-colbert-report-videos/182446/december-05-2006/robert-gates--confirmation ^ John J. O'Connor (1993-02-16). "Review/Television; For Children, a Drama With a Lesson on Abuse". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE7D91330F935A25751C0A965958260. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. "There is also a pointed endorsement of J. D. Salinger's "Catcher in the Rye," a favorite target of today's book censors." ^ a b Joe (2004-11-29). "The Laughing Man - Ghost In The Shell: Standalone Complex's Hacker Logo". Otaku News. http://www.otakunews.com/article.php?story=201. Retrieved on 2007-12-20. "The brief was very interesting in that I was simply asked to read a short story by J D Salinger 'The Laughing Man' and base a logo around that." ^ Lawrence Person (2006-01-15). "DVD Review of Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex". Locus Online. http://www.locusmag.com/2006/Features/Person_GhostInTheShell.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. ^ Sharon Mizota (2004-10-18). "Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex Vol. 02". PopMatters. http://www.popmatters.com/film/reviews/g/ghosts-in-the-shell-2-dvd.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. ^ Sharon Mizota (2004-12-22). "Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex Vol. 03". PopMatters. http://www.popmatters.com/film/reviews/g/ghost-in-the-shell-3-dvd.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-12-19. ^ James A. Cherry (1997). "[2F17] Radioactive Man". The Simpsons Archive. http://www.snpp.com/episodes/2F17.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. ^ "Publisher: 'Bully' Video Game Has Positive Message". Fox News (Associated Press). 2006-10-17. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,221759,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. ""Bully" influences came from Hollywood movies [...] and novels like J.D. Salinger's "The Catcher in the Rye" — a coming-of-age book that has been one of the most banned since it was first published more than 50 years ago." ^ Whitfield, 570. ^ Whitfield, 571. ^ Harry Levins, Susan C. Hegger, Judith Evans (1999-07-04). "Thrillers". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=SL&p_theme=sl&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB0519F0B8A5A62&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. ""Burglar in the Rye" -- referring to whiskey, in a wry twist -- centers on the planned auction of letters from a reclusive writer who authored a seminal..." ^ Ashley Simpson Shires (2005-12-30). "'Barnacles' gets tangled". Rocky Mountain News. http://www.rockymountainnews.com/drmn/books/article/0,2792,DRMN_63_4349766,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. "Niederhoffer nods to Salinger in a reference to The Catcher in the Rye: Bridget and Billy pause on 72nd Street, near the Boat Pond, "pondering Holden's question: where on earth did the ducks go during the winter months?"" ^ Pat Hathcock (2003-05-05). "New comic strip debuts in today's Advocate". Victoria Advocate. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=VA&p_theme=va&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0FAD78EC6E0A4009&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D. Retrieved on 2008-01-04. ^ Jung Lah (2001-04-12). "Ataris: End is Forever". The Stanford Daily. http://daily.stanford.edu/article/2001/4/12/atarisEndIsForever. Retrieved on 2007-06-08. "The pop culture saturation of the Ataris’ lyrics could get annoying if you’re not into that sort of thing, but, to me, it’s what makes this album stand out. “If You Really Want To Hear About It” references J.D. Salinger’s “Catcher in the Rye”..."

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